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Itemized Deductions

Itemized Deductions

The Ultimate Guide to Itemized Deductions for Freelancers and Self-Employed People

There’s no getting around paying taxes to the IRS. But there are ways to lower the amount you owe in taxes, and this is where federal tax deductions become super important. It can be overwhelming to keep track of which expenses are deductible and which are not, how much to deduct, itemized vs. standard deductions and how to calculate estimated deductions. Here, you'll find information about all of the most important itemized deductions,, like the home office deduction, that are available to self-employed people and freelancers and how to make the right itemized deductions to save the most on your taxes. Use the Itemized Deduction Wizard to quickly find the estimated deductions that fit your specific eligibility.

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Table of contents

What exactly is a deduction and how does it relate to taxes?...Read more

What expenses are tax deductible?...Read more

What does itemizing deductions mean?...Read more

Itemized vs standard deduction...Read more

What are above-the-line deductions for 2022?...Read more

What exactly is a deduction and how does it relate to taxes?

We've all heard the word tax deduction before, but we might not fully understand it. In fact, it can be overwhelming to try and understand how tax deductions work, even though, "deduct" is just a fancy word for subtracting or taking something away. When it comes to taxes, a deduction is essentially subtracting a certain amount from your gross income, or total income, in order to get the amount of your income that can be taxed by the IRS. So when it comes time to file your taxes, the IRS allows you to make itemized deductions from that taxable income, if your business expenses fall under certain conditions, requirements and rules. To file the itemized deductions 2022, you’ll have to wait till the next tax filing deadline.
What exactly is a deduction and how does it relate to taxes?

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Charitable Contribution

Charitable Contribution

How to save on taxes when donating to a charity or non-profit.

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Education Tax Credit

Education Tax Credit

All about the tax benefits available to college students and their parents.

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Itemized Deductions

Itemized Deductions

The most important tax credits self-employed and freelancers.

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Home Office Deduction

Home Office Deduction

How the home office deduction saves self-employed people and freelancers on their taxes.

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Home Improvement Deduction

Home Improvement Deduction

What qualifies as a home improvement tax deduction and how self-employed or freelance homeowners can benefit most.

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Health Insurance Deduction

Health Insurance Deduction

How to itemize health insurance as a tax deductible for freelancers and self-employed people.

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Child Tax Credit

Child Tax Credit

The benefits of the Child Tax Credit, who qualifies for it and how it works to help offset the costs of raising a child.

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Travel Expense Deduction

Travel Expense Deduction

How to take business trip tax deductions for freelancers and self-employed people.

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Food and Entertainment Deduction

Food and Entertainment Deduction

How to know what counts as food and drink tax write-offs for self-employed people and freelancers.

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Charitable Contribution

Charitable Contribution

How to save on taxes when donating to a charity or non-profit.

Share
Education Tax Credit

Education Tax Credit

All about the tax benefits available to college students and their parents.

Share
Itemized Deductions

Itemized Deductions

The most important tax credits self-employed and freelancers.

Share
Home Office Deduction

Home Office Deduction

How the home office deduction saves self-employed people and freelancers on their taxes.

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What expenses are tax deductible?

Running a business can be expensive and the costs can seem endless. But certain business expenses are tax deductible, meaning you can deduct the amount for the expense from the overall taxable income you had for the year. The IRS has a list of tax deductibles items that can help you lower your taxable income. But before you look at any of the many conditions for each category of deductible business expense, the IRS requires that each expense be ordinary, necessary and reasonable, in order for it to be considered tax-deductible. And, the expense needs to benefit your business by helping increase profit.
What expenses are tax deductible?

Home office deduction

You can claim this itemized deduction if you work from home and have a designated office space. The office must be your primary location for your business and used primarily for your business.

Home improvement deduction

Owning a home comes with countless responsibilities. The bright side of this is that some kinds of home improvements are tax deductible, depending on the situation and the type of changes you need to make to your home.

Food, groceries and entertainment deductions

You can write off meals and beverages when eating out both locally or when traveling, as long as they are for business purposes. Unfortunately, as of 2018 entertainment expenses are no longer eligible for any federal tax deductions. That means activities like golf outings or sporting events with clients, for example, are no longer eligible to be deducted from your taxes. You can claim an itemized deduction for groceries, however, if your work requires food for a work-related purpose.

Travel deductions

Sometimes, we need to travel outside of our home state or region where we pay taxes to meet clients or business associates, or to conduct business. If your trip meets the qualifications, you can write off certain expenses including, lodging, transportation, meals and even dry cleaning.

Charitable contributions deduction

Charitable donations can also be tax-deductible if they meet specific criteria. You can donate money or goods such as furniture, household items or a car to a non-profit organization, a church or foundation, for example. Then you can either deduct the contribution as an itemized deduction on Schedule A, Form 1040, or take the standard deduction. For the 2021 tax year, you can now claim a standard deduction up to $300 for single filers, or $600 for married couples filing jointly.

Education tax deduction

If you’re working towards furthering your education, you may qualify for work-related education deductions including tuition, books, supplies and transportation.

Health insurance deduction

As a self-employed individual or freelancer, you’re allowed to deduct your healthcare premiums including dental insurance, medical insurance or long-term care (LTC) insurance regardless of whether you itemize your deductions or not.

Child tax credit

Having a kid is expensive. So if you have qualifying dependents, you may be eligible for the Child Tax Credit. In 2021, the federal government expanded the Child Tax Credit to offer greater support to Americans with children, but it is expected in 2022 to revert back to providing taxpayers with a credit amount of $2,000 for each dependent 17 years or younger.

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What does itemizing deductions mean?

Once you know which expenses are eligible for a deduction, you can claim those deductions by itemizing them on your tax return. These deductions are also known as itemized deduction. To do this, you list out certain expenses on Schedule A or Form 1040. This reduces the amount of your taxable income, or the amount you pay to the IRS. The IRS needs proof of your expenses, in the form of receipts, canceled checks or bank statements.

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Itemized vs standard deduction

When it comes time to make a deduction, you can either opt for the standard deduction, which is the most common option, or for an itemized deduction. Find out which is better for you with this time-saving calculator. Let’s make a quick itemized vs standard deduction comparison.
What’s a standard deduction? As the name suggests, the standard deduction is a standard or set deduction amount on the basis of your filing status. You will claim this deduction on the Form 1040 You must be wondering, what are itemized deductions? Itemized tax deductions are deductions taken for the exact amount you paid for a deductible expense like healthcare or a charitable donation. If you go the itemized tax deductions’ route, you will subtract each of these deductions from your annual gross income and report them on Schedule A attached to your tax return.
Let’s look at the list of itemized deduction examples:
  • Charitable donations
  • Home mortgage interest
  • Casualty and theft losses
  • Medical and dental expenses
  • State and local taxes
  • Property tax deductions
Itemized vs standard deduction

Quick tip

Taking the standard deduction will always lower your taxable income. But, if you take a little extra time to tally your business expenses, you might find itemized deductions will save you even more.

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What are above-the-line deductions for 2022?

Deductions you subtract from your annual gross income (the total income you’ve earned for the year before deductions) to get your adjusted gross income (gross income minus any deductions) are called above-the-line deductions. It's clear to any taxpayer that the IRS requires anyone making an income to pay taxes on that income. But it might not be clear exactly which amount of your income is taxed. The IRS taxes only your adjusted gross income. But the good news is you can reduce the amount of your adjusted gross income that you will owe taxes on with above-the-line deductions. This leads us to the question, what are above the line deductions for 2022? Some examples of above-the-line deductions or adjustments to income for 2022 include: :
  • Contributions made to your IRA that you’ve already paid income tax on
  • Health Savings Account (HSA) contributions
  • Retirement plan contributions including SEP, SIMPLE and other qualified plans
  • Health insurance premiums for those self-employed
  • The deductible part of the self-employment tax
  • Charitable contributions up to $300
  • Student loan interest up to $2,500
  • Early withdrawal penalties

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Quick tip

If the traditional April 15 due date for filing taxes falls on a Saturday, Sunday or government holiday, the deadline gets pushed to the following business day.

What’s FlyFin?

FlyFin caters to the tax needs of freelancers, gig workers, independent contractors and sole proprietors. But anyone can file taxes through FlyFin! FlyFin tracks all your business expenses automatically using A.I. to find every possible tax deduction. Then, our CPA team files a guaranteed 100% accurate tax return for you – to save you a couple thousand dollars and a ton of time on your taxes. Download the FlyFin app and have your taxes filed in less than fifteen minutes, saving time and more money on your taxes than last year, guaranteed.

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Need help navigating your taxes?

FlyFin's A.I. and 24/7 CPA support will guide you.

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